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Leopard VS Cheetah Vs Jaguar by ARVEN92 Leopard VS Cheetah Vs Jaguar by ARVEN92
Because DA is lacking something like this :3

Quick tutorial.
Because some people totally asked for it XD

This way I'll make it clear that the two big cats present in "Africa" are LEOPARDS and not cheetahs or jaguars.
Meanwhile, since LOTS of people get confused between these three cats, I wanted to help in any way that I could :)
For the comic of Africa, I researched all I could about leopards and how to draw them, and this included making them different from cheetahs and jaguars.
I thought I'd use what I've learned to help fellow Deviants telling these cats apart.

The drawings of leopard, cheetah and jaguar were made without any reference, but just based on the knowledge I had. I did use a reference for the exact colours though. I'm sorry about the jaguar's coat, I didn't have the exact gold tone ;;

I hope this helps anyone who needs it!

Things that I forgot to add/were suggested by other people:

*Cheetahs can purr continuously, unlike Jaguars and leopards
*The spots on melanistic leopards and jaguars are still visible from a particular angle and with particular amount of light: [link] [link] [link]
*There is another variant for the cheetah, called "Lesser spotted cheetah", in which the animal has few to almost no spots on a tawny background. [link] Extremely rare in nature.

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Texture used:

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Enjoy!

art (c) :iconarven92:
Add a Comment:
 
:iconbeckykidus:
BeckyKidus Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Student Traditional Artist
I thought the snow leopard was the smallest cat in the genus panthera?
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I believe when I posted this it was still debated whether the snow leopard belonged in the genus Panthera or not. :)
Up until a couple years ago, it belonged in its own genus, Uncia :)
Reply
:iconbeckykidus:
BeckyKidus Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Student Traditional Artist
Yes, I am aware of that. Even though I thought that it was know to be Panthera Uncia in 2013, when this was submitted?
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hmm true, it could have been. I honestly don't remember why I wrote that, I may have looked up the species on an older book and written the wrong information :P
Reply
:iconbeckykidus:
BeckyKidus Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Student Traditional Artist
Yes, I still see some books which claim that. But, no problem at all :-)
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
True, I actually went back and checked, and the book I used did classify the snow leopard as Uncia uncia still :P
I'll make sure to go back and change this info :)
Reply
:iconpixelthefox03:
PixelTheFox03 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
FINALLY SOMEBODY WHO GETS IT

Evene disney lost trach when they started " the lion gaurd"

Teaching little kids innaccurate cheetah print, tsk-tsk.

Fucking disney junior....
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I almost had an eyebleed looking at Fuli's leopard-like spots ;_;
Reply
:iconpixelthefox03:
PixelTheFox03 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I know

like what the fuck disney

you got it right in the movies, but now your character design artist is suddenly 1 IQ point dumber?
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
It's very clear that they made the Lion Guards to appeal to young kids who will then be begging their parents for Lion Guard figurines at Disney stores :/ And it's a shame because that show has potential :/
Reply
:iconpixelthefox03:
PixelTheFox03 Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Exactly.

Like, they're now claiming these characters to be this specific animal, then designing  it innaccurately.

As much as I love Fuli,
Disney just went too far trying to make it appeal to kids.

They got it spot on in TLK movies, I'm talking PERFECTION. www.lionking.org/~s-tlk/old/pg…
Reply
:iconmegadracosaurus:
megadracosaurus Featured By Owner Jun 26, 2016  Student
A great tutorial, and very interesting as well! Even if you know the difference between a leopard and jaguar, I still find it puzzeling sometimes which one it is when seeing a picture of one of them. If you see them together you tend to spot the differences immidiatly, but alas, you don't see them next to one another a lot. I do wonder why so many people confuse cheetahs and leopards though...Yes, they both have spots, but literally everything else is differant. People never seem to mix up snow leopards and clouded leopards though...Then again, people tend to remember white leopards (Even though snow leopards are actually a sister species of tigers, but you know what I mean.) and I haven't met a lot of people who know what a clouded leopard is XD The majority of people that do know clouded leopards know them and dholes from the game Far Cry 4, but don't know much about the actual animal itself.
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you so much!
True, sometimes it's hard to tell them apart.
I think the presence of the spots is what confuses people the most :P
Clouded leopards are pretty rare cats, I'd guess there aren't many people who know about them :P
Reply
:iconmegadracosaurus:
megadracosaurus Featured By Owner Jul 11, 2016  Student
Yup. Even if you know the difference, it can still be hard. In my language, we even have a special word for it. 'Boekenwijsheid'. Another example would be that between pine martens and stone martens, or weasels and stoats. Yes, there are differences. But if you don't see them next to each other or don't have quite enough time to look at them well, the difference is still hard to spot.

I think that's it, yeah. I've seen plenty of films, series etc where a cheetah or leopard appears, and its being called wrong. Of course, people who call them 'tigers' are a differant subject...One has stripes, the other has spots. Its not that difficult, or is that just me?

Yeah, I think that might be the case. They aren't really well known compared to some other big cats, such as lions and tigers.
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 30, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
That's very true!

And that's right, the media doesn't help with that, either :P
Reply
:iconlemurkat:
lemurkat Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Leopards are classified as Apex Predators on wikipedia's "list of apex predators" - but it depends on the location because the feral cat is an apex predator in NZ, but in most other countries (like America) it's prey.
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I didn't know about that! :)
I was mainly thinking of African leopards (in Africa the apex predator is the lion), and Asian leopards (in Asia the apex predator is the tiger). But I think there are also subspecies of leopard that are segregated/separated from the local Asian fauna, and in their context they can be considered apex predators :) Interesting!
Thanks for telling me!
Reply
:iconlemurkat:
lemurkat Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
You can have more than one apex predator in an ecosystem, I believe. Because they are animals that are not preyed upon - not animals that won't attack one another.

According to wikipedia: those predators that are not preyed upon as healthy adults in the wild. Full scavengers (e.g. most vultures), although they may not be preyed on either, are not counted as apex predators unless they at least partially depend on capturing live prey. Many species listed here are only apex predators within certain environments, e.g. coyotes are only apex predators when larger predators such as the gray wolf or the brown bear are absent.

You will note that red fox is on the list too, but that is likely in England, where the wolf is absent.

So I would say leopards are, because lions don't regularly hunt and eat leopards - the same way they don't regularly hunt and eat hyena. The three are in direct competition, and would likely attack one another if they met, but they don't form a significant part of the food chain.

I had to research it for my card game - which is all about building food chains.
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Apr 21, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
That's really interesting, I honestly didn't know :)
The definition of apex predator I had in my head was completely off XD Thank you for telling me and for all the links! I'll be sure to take a look at them and get informed better on this subject :)

And that's one cool-sounding card game you're making! 8D
Reply
:iconlemurkat:
lemurkat Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks!
The Giant Otter is apparently an Apex Predator. But she is also very difficult to draw :( ( am trying to make one now for my Waterways deck.
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
That's true, otters are really hard to draw!
Reply
:iconpatchi1995:
Patchi1995 Featured By Owner Feb 28, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
In the Middle East, the leopards may rival against hyenas for being alpha predators, but they were rare in the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula, as even rarer than their subspecies in the arctic of Russia(However, the Amur leopards are not alpha predators).
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Mar 1, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh that is interesting! I didn't know, cool^^
Reply
:icontheshadowsilhouette:
TheShadowSilhouette Featured By Owner Nov 14, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I'm starting my own "project", learning to draw all the wild cats and this will be useful :D
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Nov 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh sweet! Thank you! I hope it will :D Best of luck^^
Reply
:icontheshadowsilhouette:
TheShadowSilhouette Featured By Owner Nov 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh thank you, you're so nice!
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Nov 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Not a problem :D
Reply
:icontheshadowsilhouette:
TheShadowSilhouette Featured By Owner Nov 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
^^
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Nov 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:D
Reply
:iconkigama:
Kigama Featured By Owner Jul 28, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Cats are killin' me. They seem to look like dogs most of the time (when I'm tryin' to draw them).
Reply
:iconlemurkat:
lemurkat Featured By Owner Edited Apr 17, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hyena are worse. Mine either look too feline or too canine...
Believe it or not, I have a similar problem with lemurs - they either look too fox or too cat.
Reply
:iconkigama:
Kigama Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
I believe it. And yeah, hyenas are also the big problem. Almost EVERYTHING (animal) I draw looks like dog.
(And I recently got to know, that I'm drawing coyotes not wolves. My all life was a lie! Nuu)
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Yeah, that's the hardest part ;_;
Reply
:iconkigama:
Kigama Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Nod 
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:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:O
Reply
:iconkigama:
Kigama Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
What??? Sweating a little... I was just agreeing to what you said... (Ow, just forger about it...)
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Haha no worries XD
Sorry, I used the wrong emoticon there XD I wanted to make a smile :D
Reply
:iconkigama:
Kigama Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
OK ;) (Wink) 
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:D
Reply
:iconcomic-turkish:
Comic-Turkish Featured By Owner Jul 12, 2014
Is cool ^^ I love cheetahs,and know a lot of about they!And from your tutorial now I know more about they!!!
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Aww Thank you a lot^^
Reply
:iconcomic-turkish:
Comic-Turkish Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2014
You are welcome ^^
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
^^
Reply
:icondragoness17:
Dragoness17 Featured By Owner Apr 4, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Cheetahs also have hips and shoulders that are separate from the spine; they 'float'. That allows them to further increases their stride, on top of their already long limbs. I've been learning so many interesting things about felines during my studies on them :lol:
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oho my, thank you for that additional info!
And you're right, cats have the most interesting info to them :D
Reply
:iconxxcloudberryxx:
xxCloudBerryxx Featured By Owner Apr 3, 2014  Student Filmographer
Now I want to draw wild cats :D ''But I don't want to copy you'' ^^
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hey no worries^^
I hope this helps you :)
Reply
:iconmistingwolf:
MistingWolf Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Coulda sworn I'd faved this when you first posted it. XD
Reply
:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hoho that's ok^^
Reply
:icondolphin4dreamer:
dolphin4dreamer Featured By Owner Dec 19, 2013  Student General Artist
They're all so cute...but I'm not going to go up to one to get suffocated or bitten in the skull...O_o
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